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    翻譯習主席講話稿
    翻譯習主席講話稿

           受國家工程院委托,合力達翻譯了習主席在2014年國際工程科技大會的主旨演講稿。

           習主席演講稿中文原文及合力達英文譯文如下:

    讓工程科技造福人類、創造未來

    ——在2014年國際工程科技大會上的主旨演講

    中華人民共和國主席 習近平

     

    女士們,先生們,朋友們:

            在這個美好的時節,國際工程科技大會在北京隆重召開,這是世界工程科技界和中國工程科技界的一件盛事。我很高興有機會同來自世界各地的工程科技專家學者見面,也很愿意聆聽大家對工程科技發展、人類社會未來的高見。

            首先,我謹代表中國政府和中國人民,并以我個人的名義,向大會的召開,表示衷心的祝賀!向出席大會的全體代表,表示誠摯的歡迎!向國際工程與技術科學院理事會會議的召開,表示衷心的祝賀!

            工程科技與人類生存息息相關。溫故而知新。回顧人類文明歷史,人類生存與社會生產力發展水平密切相關,而社會生產力發展的一個重要源頭就是工程科技。工程造福人類,科技創造未來。工程科技是改變世界的重要力量,它源于生活需要,又歸于生活之中。歷史證明,工程科技創新驅動著歷史車輪飛速旋轉,為人類文明進步提供了不竭動力源泉,推動人類從蒙昧走向文明、從游牧文明走向農業文明、工業文明,走向信息化時代。

            古往今來,人類創造了無數令人驚嘆的工程科技成果。古代工程科技創造的許多成果至今仍存在著,見證著人類文明編年史。如古埃及金字塔、古希臘帕提農神廟、古羅馬斗獸場、印第安人太陽神廟、柬埔寨吳哥窟、印度泰姬陵等古代建筑奇跡,如中國的造紙術、火藥、印刷術、指南針等重大技術創造和萬里長城、都江堰、京杭大運河等重大工程,都是當時人類文明形成的關鍵因素和重要標志,都對人類文明發展產生了重大影響,都對世界歷史演進具有深遠意義。

            近代以來,工程科技更直接地把科學發現同產業發展聯系在一起,成為經濟社會發展的主要驅動力。每一次產業革命都同技術革命密不可分。18世紀,蒸汽機引發了第一次產業革命,導致了從手工勞動向動力機器生產轉變的重大飛躍,使人類進入了機械化時代。19世紀末至20世紀上半葉,電機和化工引發了第二次產業革命,使人類進入了電氣化、原子能、航空航天時代,極大提高了社會生產力和人類生活水平,縮小了國與國、地區與地區、人與人的空間和時間距離,地球變成了一個“村莊”。20世紀下半葉,信息技術引發了第三次產業革命,使社會生產和消費從工業化向自動化、智能化轉變,社會生產力再次大提高,勞動生產率再次大飛躍。工程科技的每一次重大突破,都會催發社會生產力的深刻變革,都會推動人類文明邁向新的更高的臺階。

           新中國成立60多年特別是改革開放30多年來,中國經濟社會快速發展,其中工程科技創新驅動功不可沒。“兩彈一星”、載人航天、探月工程等一批重大工程科技成就,大幅度提升了中國的綜合國力和國際地位。三峽工程、西氣東輸、西電東送、南水北調、青藏鐵路、高速鐵路等一大批重大工程建設成功,大幅度提升了中國的基礎工業、制造業、新興產業等領域創新能力和水平,加快了中國現代化進程。農業科技、人口健康、資源環境、公共安全、防災減災等領域工程科技發展,大幅度提高了13億多中國人的生活水平和質量,使中國的面貌、中國人民的面貌發生了歷史性變化。

            時至今日,人類生活各個方面無不打上了工程科技的印記。從鐵路橫貫、大橋飛架、堤壩高筑、汽車奔馳、飛機穿梭、飛船遨游、巨艦破浪、通信暢通,到成千上萬的各種機械、自動化生產線、電視、電話,再到洗衣機、冰箱、微波爐、空調、吸塵器等家用電器,工程科技給人類生產生活帶來了空前便利。

           進入本世紀以來,工程科技在人類社會發展中的角色愈益突出。我在浙江省工作了5年,親歷了全長36公里的杭州灣跨海大橋的修建。這一工程不僅促進了當地從交通末梢到交通樞紐的飛躍,更通過物流、資金流、信息流的匯聚和擴散影響了經濟社會發展各個領域,促進了蘇浙滬經濟圈發展。可以說,當今世界,科學技術作為第一生產力的作用愈益凸顯,工程科技進步和創新對經濟社會發展的主導作用更加突出,不僅成為推動社會生產力發展和勞動生產率提升的決定性因素,而且成為推動教育、文化、體育、衛生、藝術等事業發展的重要力量。

            女士們、先生們、朋友們!

            對幸福生活的追求是推動人類文明進步最持久的力量。享有更好的教育、更穩定的工作、更滿意的收入、更可靠的社會保障、更高水平的醫療衛生服務、更舒適的居住條件、更優美的生產生活環境,是中國人民和世界人民的共同夢想。

           當前,世界多極化、經濟全球化深入發展,文化多樣化、社會信息化持續推進。糧食不足、資源短缺、能源緊張、環境污染、氣候異常、人口膨脹、貧困、疾病流行、經濟危機等諸多全球性難題,對人類生存和發展構成嚴峻挑戰。

            實現夢想、應對挑戰、創造未來,動力從哪里來?只能從發展中來、從改革中來、從創新中來。地球上的物質資源必然越用越少,大量耗費物質資源的傳統發展方式顯然難以為繼。面向未來,世界現代化人口將快速增長,如果大家依照現存資源消耗模式生活的話,那是不可想象的。中國擁有4200多萬人的工程科技人才隊伍,這是中國開創未來最可寶貴的資源。發展科學技術是人類應對全球挑戰、實現可持續發展的戰略選擇。這一切,對工程科技進步和創新提出了新的使命。

            一項工程科技創新,可以催生一個產業,可以影響乃至改變世界。袁隆平院士的團隊發明了雜交水稻,促進中國糧食畝產提升到800公斤以上,不僅為中國解決13億多人口吃飯問題作出了突出貢獻,而且推廣到印度、孟加拉國、印度尼西亞、巴基斯坦、埃及、馬達加斯加、利比里亞等眾多國家,使那些地方的水稻產量提高15%-20%,為人類保障糧食安全、減少貧困發揮了重要作用。

            當今世界,新發現、新技術、新產品、新材料更新換代周期越來越短,工程科技創新成果層出不窮,社會經濟發展的需求動力遠遠超出預測,人類創新潛能也遠遠超出想象。信息技術、生物技術、新能源技術、新材料技術等交叉融合正在引發新一輪科技革命和產業變革。這將給人類社會發展帶來新的機遇。任何一個領域的重大工程科技突破,都可能為世界發展注入新的活力,引發新的產業變革和社會變革。

            未來幾十年,新一輪科技革命和產業變革將同人類社會發展形成歷史性交匯,工程科技進步和創新將成為推動人類社會發展的重要引擎。信息技術成為率先滲透到經濟社會生活各領域的先導技術,將促進以物質生產、物質服務為主的經濟發展模式向以信息生產、信息服務為主的經濟發展模式轉變,世界正在進入以信息產業為主導的新經濟發展時期。生物學相關技術將創造新的經濟增長點,基因技術、蛋白質工程、空間利用、海洋開發以及新能源、新材料發展將產生一系列重大創新成果,拓展生產和發展空間,提高人類生活水平和質量。綠色科技成為科技為社會服務的基本方向,是人類建設美麗地球的重要手段。能源技術發展將為解決能源問題提供主要途徑。

            共創人類美好未來,是工程科技發展的強大動力,全球工程科技人員要切實承擔起這個歷史使命。

            女士們、先生們、朋友們!

           “一花獨放不是春,百花齊放春滿園。”今天,人類生活在同一個地球村,各國相互聯系、相互依存、相互合作、相互促進的程度空前加深,國際社會日益成為一個你中有我、我中有你的命運共同體。中國人民和各國人民休戚與共,中國人民的夢想和各國人民的夢想緊緊相連。

            現在,各國都在深入思考今后的發展前景。中國已經明確了今后一個時期的發展藍圖,我們的奮斗目標是,到2020年國內生產總值和城鄉居民人均收入比2010年翻一番,全面建成小康社會;到本世紀中葉,建成富強民主文明和諧的社會主義現代化國家。中國正在全面深化改革,統籌推進經濟、政治、文化、社會、生態文明等領域改革,努力破解發展難題,消除影響經濟社會發展的體制機制障礙,不斷為發展增添新動力。

            中國是世界上最大的發展中國家,發展是解決中國所有問題的關鍵。要發展就必須充分發揮科學技術第一生產力的作用。我們把創新驅動發展戰略作為國家重大戰略,著力推動工程科技創新,實現從以要素驅動、投資規模驅動發展為主轉向以創新驅動發展為主。我們將繼續實施可持續發展戰略,優化國土空間開發格局,全面促進資源節約,加大自然生態系統和環境保護力度,著力解決霧霾等一系列問題,努力建設天藍地綠水凈的美麗中國。我們將高度關注民生,著力解決人民的衣食住行、教育、醫療、養老等問題,讓人民過上更好的日子。我們將承擔負責任大國的使命,通過建設一個和平發展、蓬勃發展的中國,造福中國人民,造福世界人民,造福子孫后代。

            女士們、先生們、朋友們!

            工程科技的靈魂在于開放,在和平、發展、合作、共贏的時代潮流中,提高工程科技發展國際化水平已成為各國推動工程科技創新的普遍共識和重要手段,共享工程科技成果是推動共同發展、促進共同繁榮的重要途徑。我們要通過加強國際工程科技合作,相互借鑒,相互啟發,推動工程科技進步和創新,應對人類共同挑戰,實現各國共同發展。

             改革開放30多年來,中國已經同150多個國家和地區建立了科技合作關系,開展了廣泛的工程科技人才交流,參與了國際熱核聚變實驗反應堆計劃、人類基因組計劃、伽利略計劃等一大批反映當代工程科技前沿的重大科技工程,對中國經濟社會發展和工程科技進步起到重要促進作用。

            前不久,我到聯合國教科文組織進行訪問,同博科娃女士談到了世界文明交流互鑒問題。聯合國教科文組織在推動文明交流互鑒方面進行了不懈努力,在推動國與國、人與人增進理解、加強合作方面發揮了不可替代的作用。工程科技國際合作是推動人類文明進步的重要動力。國際工程與技術科學院理事會是國際工程科技界最重要的學術組織,在促進工程技術國際合作方面發揮了重要作用,有效促進了各國工程科技進步。中國工程院同各國開展了十分活躍的工程科技交流,取得了很好的效果。

            在座各國代表和各位院士專家學者,是國際工程科技界的領軍人才,是工程科技傳播的使者、人才交流的紐帶,你們為中國科技事業和現代化建設付出了心血、作出了貢獻,中國政府和中國人民對此表示衷心的感謝!

           中國人民熱愛和平、渴望發展。中國將在更大范圍深化工程科技領域國際交流合作,愿意同世界各國攜手努力,共同解決問題,共同創造未來。我們將加強政府間工程科技戰略合作,以更開放的胸懷支持工程科技國際交流合作。我們將加強半官方及民間工程科技合作,促進國內外科研機構、高等學校、科技學術組織、企業、城市、科學家個人的交流。我們將加強重大科技工程合作,繼續參加或牽頭開展對未來發展、人類健康、應對氣候變化等更有利的國際大科技合作工程。我們將加強工程科技信息交流,同世界各國和國際性組織共同建立大型工程科技數據庫、網絡系統和虛擬研究中心等,促進實現信息共享、技術共享、資源共享。我們將加強工程科技人才培養,把國際交流合作作為聚集一流學者的重要平臺,聯合培養拔尖創新型工程科技人才。

            工程科技是人類實現夢想的翅膀,承載著人類美好生活的向往,能夠讓明天充滿希望、讓未來更加輝煌。希望中外工程科技專家學者加強合作,共同為人類社會進步作出新的更大的貢獻!

            謝謝大家。

     

    Let Engineering Science &Technology Benefit Mankind and Create the Future

    Keynote Speech at the 2014 International Conference on Engineering Science and Technology 

    Xi Jinping President of the People's Republic of China 

     

    Ladies, gentlemen and friends:

        In such a beautiful season, the International Conference on Engineering Science and Technology is grandly held in Beijing; this is a great event in the engineering science and technology circle of both China and the world. I am glad I have the opportunity to meet the engineering experts from all over the world and it's my pleasure to listen to your opinions about the development of engineering science and technology and the future of human society.

        First, on behalf of the Chinese government and the Chinese people and in my name, I would like to extend heartfelt congratulations to the opening of the conference, to express sincere welcome to all the representatives attending this conference and extend heartfelt congratulations to the opening of CAETS meeting.

        Engineering science and technology is closely related with the subsistence of mankind. Consider the past, and we shall know the future. Reviewing the history of human civilization, we’ll see that the subsistence of mankind and the development level of social productive forces are closely related, and one of the important sources for the development of social productive forces is engineering science and technology. Engineering benefits mankind and science and technology create the Future. Engineering science and technology is a significant force to change the world; it originates from the needs in life and contributes to life. History tells us engineering science and technology innovation is driving the wheel of history to roll fast, provides inexhaustible supply of power for the progress of human civilization and push mankind to progress from obscuration to civilization, from nomadism civilization to farming civilization and industrial civilization, to the age of information.

        Throughout the ages, mankind has created countless engineering wonders. Many of them are still there, witnessing the chronicle of human civilization. Ancient architectural wonders like pyramid of Egypt, Parthenon of ancient Greece, Colosseum of ancient Rome, Sun Temple of the Indians, Angkor Wat of Cambodia and Taj Mahal of India and important technological creations like China's papermaking, blasting powder, printing technology and compass as well as great projects like the Great Wall, Dujiangyan Dam and Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, all have had great impact on the development of human civilization and are of far-reaching significance for the evolution of world history.

        Since the modern era, engineering science and technology has directly connected scientific discoveries and industrial development and it has become a major driving force of economic and social development. Each time of industrial revolution was always inseparable to a technological revolution. In the 18th century, steamer triggered the first industrial revolution and led to a great leap from hand-labor to powered machine production, pushing mankind into the era of mechanization. From the end of the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century, electric engine and chemical engineering triggered the second industrial revolution and pushed mankind into the era of electrification, atomic energy and aerospace, in which the level of social productive forces and people's living standard were significantly improved and the space and time distance between nations, regions and peoples was narrowed, making the globe a "village". In the second half of the 20th century, information technology triggered the third industrial revolution, allowing social production and consumption to transform from industrialization to automation and intellectualization so that social productive forces were greatly enhanced again and labor productivity achieved another big leap. Each major breakthrough in engineering would induce profound reform in social productive forces and push human civilization towards a higher new stage.

        For over 60 years since the founding of PRC, particularly over the 30 years since China's reform and opening up, the Chinese economy and society witnessed fast development and engineering science and technology as an innovation drive has made undeniable contributions. A series of major engineering achievements such as "two-bombs, one-satellite", manned spaceflight and lunar exploration program have significantly enhanced the overall national strength and international status of China. The successful completion of a large number of major engineering constructions including Three Gorges Project, West-East Gas Pipeline Project, West-East Power Transmission Project, South-North Water Transfer Project, Qinghai-Tibet Railway and High-Speed Railway have significantly strengthened the basic industry of China and the innovation ability and level of manufacturing and emerging industries, quickening the pace of China's modernization. Engineering developments in agricultural science, population and health, resource and environment, public safety and prevention and reduction of natural disasters have greatly improved the standard and quality of life for more than 1.3 billion Chinese people, and the image of both China and the Chinese people underwent historic changes.

        Even to this day, the various aspects of people's life all invariably carry the mark of engineering science and technology. From trans-current railway, flying bridge, towering dam, galloping cars, shuttling airplanes, roaming spaceship, wave-breaking dreadnought and unblocked communication to thousands upon thousands of machines, automatic production lines, TVs, telephones and to household appliances like washing machine, refrigerator, microwave oven, air conditioner and vacuum cleaner, engineering science and technology has brought about unprecedented convenience to people's production and life.

        Entering this century, the role of engineering science and technology in the development of human society becomes increasingly prominent. I once worked in Zhejiang Province for 5 years and personally experienced the construction of the 36-km long Hangzhou Bay Bridge. The project not only facilitated the city to become transportation junction from transportation ending, but also influenced the various fields of economic and social development through convergence and diffusion of goods flow, funds flow and information flow, and therefore promoted the development of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Shanghai economic circle. So to speak, the role of science and technology as the first productive force is increasingly outstanding in the world today; the advancement and innovation of engineering science and technology play a more dominant leading role in economic and social development, not only as the deciding factor to push the development of social productive forces and increase of labor productivity, but also as an important force to promote the development of undertakings such as education, culture, sports, health and art.

        Ladies, gentlemen and friends,

        The pursuit for happy life is the most enduring force to push the progress of human civilization. To enjoy better education, more stable job, more satisfactory income, more reliable social security, higher level of medical and healthcare service, more comfortable living conditions and more beautiful working and living environment is a common dream of all Chinese people and the world.

        Today, as multipolarization and economic globalization develop in depth and cultural diversification and social informatization move forward, many global problems are still severe challenges for human subsistence and development, such as food shortage, scarcity of resource, energy constraints, environmental pollution, climatic anomaly, population expansion, poverty, prevalence of disease, and economic crisis.

        Where can we find the motive power, to realize our dream, face the challenges and create the future? We can only find it from development, from reform and from innovation. The material resources on the earth are definitely decreasing and the traditional development mode relying on consumption of large quantity of material resource is apparently difficult to continue. Looking forward, the population of modern world will grow fast; if we live on under the existing resource-consumption pattern, the future would be an inconceivable image. China has an engineering team of over 42 million talents; they are the most valuable resource to create the future of China. Advancing science and technology is a strategic choice for mankind to cope with global challenges and realize sustainable development. All these have put forward new mission for the advancement and innovation of engineering science and technology.

        A single engineering innovation may lead to a new industry and influence or even change the world. Academician Yuan Longping's team invented hybrid rice and increased China's per mu yield of grain to over 800 kilograms. The invention not only made outstanding contribution in solving food problem for the over 130 million Chinese population, but also was introduced to many countries including India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Egypt, Madagascar and Liberia and increased the rice production by 15%-20% in those regions; it played an important role in guaranteeing food safety and reducing poverty.

        In the world today, as the upgrading cycle of new discovery, new technology, new products and new material becomes shorter and shorter and engineering innovation results emerge one after another, the demand drive for social and economic development has far exceeded forecast and the innovation potential of mankind also goes beyond imagination. The crossing and integration of information technology, biological technology, new energy technology and new material technology is triggering a new round of technological revolution and industrial reform. This will bring new opportunities for the development of human society. The major breakthroughs in any field of engineering science and technology may input new vitality to the process of world development and introduce new industrial and social reform.

        For the few decades in the future, a new round of technological revolution and industrial reform and the development of human society will form a historic point of intersection; the advancement and innovation of engineering science and technology will be an important engine to push the development of human society. Information technology first becomes the leading technology that infiltrates into the various aspects of social and economic life and will promote the development pattern dominated by material production and service to transform towards a pattern dominated by information production and service; the world is entering a new economic development period led by information industry. Biology related technologies will create new economic growth point; gene technology, protein engineering, space utilization, ocean development and new energy/ material development will produce a series of key innovation results to expand the space for production and development and to increase the level and quality of human life. Green technology becomes the fundamental direction of technology to serve the society; it is an important means to build a beautiful earth. Development of energy technology will provide main solution for energy problems.

        To create a beautiful future together is a powerful drive for the development of engineering science and technology; the talents from the engineering circle shall undertake this historic mission.

        Ladies, gentlemen and friends,

        "A single flower does not make a spring." Mankind now live in one and the same global village; all nations are interrelated, interdependent, mutually cooperating and mutually promoting in unprecedented intensity; and the international community is increasingly becoming a fate community with a bit of me in you and a bit of you in me. The Chinese people share the joys and sorrows with peoples of all nations and the dream of Chinese people is firmly joined with that of the peoples of all nations.

        Today, all countries are thinking deeply about development prospect. China has decided the development blueprint for the next period. Our objective is to double the GDP and per capita income of urban and rural residents by 2020 compared with those of 2010 and build a moderately prosperous society; and to build a prosperous, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern socialist country by the middle of this century. China is deepening the reforms in an all-round way by promoting coordinated reforms in economic, political, cultural, social and ecological civilization fields, solving challenges in development, and clearing the institutional obstacles influencing economic and social development, so as to add new drive to development.

        China is the biggest developing country of the world and development is the key to solving all problems of China. Therefore, China must give full play to science and technology as the first productive force. We have adopted innovation-driven development strategy as a major national strategy to promote engineering innovation and realize the transformation from dominant factor-driven and investment scale driven development to dominant innovation-driven development. We will continue implementing sustainable development strategy, optimizing territory development pattern, promoting resource saving, strengthening protection of natural ecosystem and environment, solving issues like haze problem and endeavor to build a beautiful China with blue sky, green land and clear water. We will pay high attention to the people's livelihood and spare no effort to solve the problems related to people's basic necessities of life, education, medical services and old-age care, making people live a better life. We will undertake the mission of a responsible country; by building a peaceful and flourishing developing China, we will bring benefit to the Chinese people, to the world, and to generations upon generations.

        Ladies, gentlemen and friends,

        The soul of engineering science and technology lies in opening up and in the trend of the times for peace, development, cooperation and mutual win. Increasing internationalization level of engineering science and technology has become a common understanding and important method of all nations to promote engineering innovation; sharing engineering science and technology results is a valuable approach to push mutual development and prosperity. We shall strengthen international cooperation, learn from each other, inspire each other and promote the advancement and innovation of engineering science and technology to cope with common challenges of mankind and realize mutual development of all nations.

        Throughout more than 30 years since reform and opening up, China has built cooperative relationships in science and technology with more than 150 countries and regions, carried out extensive engineering talent exchange and taken part in a series of major technological projects that reflect the front of contemporary engineering science and technology, including International Thermonuclear Fusion Experimental Reactor Plan, the Human Genome Project and the Galileo Project, which played important role in facilitating the China's economic and social development and the advancement of engineering science and technology.

        I recently visited UNESCO and talked with Ms. Bokova about exchanges and mutual learning among different civilizations. UNESCO has made great efforts in this and played an irreplaceable role in promoting inter-national and inter-personal understanding and strengthening cooperation. International cooperation in engineering science and technology is an important drive for the progress of human civilization. CAETS is the most important organization in the international circle of engineering science and technology; it plays vital role in promoting international cooperation in engineering and effectively facilitated the advancement of engineering science and technology in all countries. The Chinese Academy of Engineering has actively conduced exchanges with all countries, which have achieved fine effects.

        The representatives of all nations present here today as well as the academicians and experts are all leaders of the international circle of engineering science and technology; you are the messengers for spreading engineering science and technology and tie for talent exchange. You have made painstaking efforts in and great contributions to the undertaking of scientific and technological development and modernization; both the Chinese government and Chinese people shall extend heartfelt gratitude for all these.

        Chinese people love peace and desire for development. China will deepen international exchange and cooperation in the field of engineering science and technology in wider scope; we are willing to work with all countries of the world together to jointly solve problems and create the future. We will strengthen governmental strategic cooperation in engineering science and technology and support such international exchange and cooperation with open heart. We will also strengthen semi-governmental and non-governmental cooperation in this regard and promote exchange among scientific institutions, institutes of higher learning, academic organizations, enterprises, cities and scientists. We will strengthen cooperation in major science and technology projects and continue participating in or taking the lead in large international science and technology cooperation more favorable to future development and human health and coping with climate change. We will strengthen engineering science and technology information exchange, establish large database, networks system and virtual research center for engineering science and technology and promote realization of information sharing, technology sharing and resource sharing. We will strengthen training of engineering science and technology talents and make international exchange and cooperation an important platform to gather first-class scholars for joint training of top innovative engineering talents.

        Engineering science and technology is the wing of mankind to realize dreams and carries people's aspiration for beautiful life; it can make tomorrow full of hope and the future more brilliant. I hope the engineering experts and scholars of both China and other countries will strengthen cooperation and jointly make greater contributions to the progress of human society.

        Thank you.

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